- Tenth Standart Science Textbook
- Tenth Standard Ready Lesson CD from Education Department – Science Subject
Concept #1 Electro magnetic Induction
- Recall the the properties of magnets
- Electromagnetic effect
- How emf induced
- Emf depends upon the number of turns and speed of the magnet
- Michel Faraday experiment
Notes for teachers
If additional layers of wire are wound upon the same coil with the same current flowing through them, the static magnetic field strength would be increased.
Therefore, the Magnetic Field Strength of a coil is determined by the ampere turns of the coil. With more turns of wire within the coil the greater will be the strength of the static magnetic field around it.
But what if we reversed this idea by disconnecting the electrical current from the coil and instead of a hollow core we placed a bar magnet inside the core of the coil of wire. By moving this bar magnet “in” and “out” of the coil a current would be induced into the coil by the physical movement of the magnetic flux inside it.
Electromagnetic Induction was first discovered way back in the 1830’s by Michael Faraday. Faraday noticed that when he moved a permanent magnet in and out of a coil or a single loop of wire it induced an ElectroMotive Force or emf, in other words a Voltage, and therefore a current was produced.
Faraday’s Law of Induction
- Increasing the number of turns of wire in the coil – By increasing the amount of individual conductors cutting through the magnetic field, the amount of induced emf produced will be the sum of all the individual loops of the coil, so if there are 20 turns in the coil there will be 20 times more induced emf than in one piece of wire.
- Increasing the speed of the relative motion between the coil and the magnet – If the same coil of wire passed through the same magnetic field but its speed or velocity is increased, the wire will cut the lines of flux at a faster rate so more induced emf would be produced.
- Increasing the strength of the magnetic field – If the same coil of wire is moved at the same speed through a stronger magnetic field, there will be more emf produced because there are more lines of force to cut.
Activity No # 1 - Properties of Magnets
==Estimated Time==20 minute
Materials/ Resources needed
- Magnetic needles with stand
Prerequisites/Instructions, if any
Process (How to do the activity)
Give the magnets to students and check the properties of magnets. Ask the students properties of magnets. Give the inst
Ask magnetic lines of force using phet tool of magnets and electromagnet.
Give two magnets and a magnetic needle to students group (4-5students). Tell check the properties of magnets
Developmental Questions (What discussion questions)
Evaluation (Questions for assessment of the child)
To link back to the topic page
Electricity & Electromagnetism
Activity 1 -
Activity 2 - show the different copper coils and electromagnet experiment to students and ask is it possible get electricity from magnet
Activity 3 - Show the electromagnetic induction using galvanometer and copper coil. Observe the changes of galvanometer deflections.
Activity 4 - Show the short video of number of coils increasing emf is increasing.
Activity 5 - Show the video of Michel Faraday experiment.
Assessment Activities for CCE
Formative Assesment Questions
1.If a magnetic needle placed along the north and south pole of a bar magnet as shown in the figure, what is the polarity of the a b c and d. mark 2
- Pole of a ________
- pole of b _______
- Pole of c _________
- Pole of d _________
2.The device that detects the induced emf is called _________________ mark 1
3.Which the following emf is produced? Yes/no
a) Coil is steady, magnet is moved inside the coil _______________
b) Coil and magnet are moved away in opposite direction _______________
c) Magnet is steady, Coil is moved towards magnet ____________
d) Coil and magnet both are moved together __________________ mark 2
4.copper coil is connected to Galvanometer and a bar magnet. What are the changes in the following
- Magnet kept inside the coil ____________________________
- Magnet is pushed slowly ________________________________
- Magnet is pushed inside the coil very quickly _____________________ mark 2
5. Which the following coil is more emf produced when magnet movement inside the coil? mark 1
6. A copper coil, a strong bar magnet and a led bulb are on the table. How do you glow on the led bulb? Mark 2
Record Grade List
Concept #2 -
Notes for teachers
Concept #3 -
Notes for teachers
- Activity 1 -