Introduction to chords

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A chord is the interval joining two distinct points on a circle. This activity investigates formation of chord and compares with the diameter of the circle.


Understand chords as elements of a circle

Estimated Time

30 minutes

Prerequisites/Instructions, prior preparations, if any

Prior knowledge of point, lines, angles, polygons

Materials/ Resources needed

  • Digital : Computer, geogebra application, projector.
  • Non digital : Worksheet and pencil, compass, strings
  • Geogebra files : Introduction to chords.ggb

Download this geogebra file from this link.

Process (How to do the activity)

Hands-on work:

  • Students to make a circle with thread/ string. Stick on a paper. The centre should be marked.
  • Mark points on the circumference of the circle and measure the chord length.
  • Measure the longest chord length. What is special about the longest chord? (Students should be able to say it passes through the centre)

Use geogebra file: Introduction to chords

  • Mark any two points on the circumference of a circle, join the two points. What is this line?
  • Establish chord.
  • Move the slider to show how the chord length varies. Ask students to observe the changing chord lengths and when the chord length is maximum. Compare chord length with diameter.
  • How many parts is the circle divided into by the chord? What do you notice about these two parts?
  • Establish Segments. When will the two segments in a circle be equal?
  • Note chord length for circles with different radius
Circle Diameter Chord Chord Length
1 1