Hindi Typing

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Adding Hindi typing in ubuntu Ibus

  • Logout from the Ubuntu Username.

Ibus1.png

Ibus2.png

  • From login screen Select Ubuntu like below screen.

Logout1.jpg

Logout2.jpg

  • Again login to Ubuntu user by using your ubuntu password.
  • On the top right side of the desktop, click on En icon(on top of the right-side screen) and go to text entry setting.

Ibus3.png

  • In the text entry window,
  • Click on +(Plus), select Hindi Itrans(m17n)) or any select any other typing method then click on add.

(Note : Also in this step you can add other languages to type)

Adding languages .png

  • Now, your can able to see, added languages in the list


  • close all the windows and again logout from this window.
  • In the login screen select Gnome classic (Metacity) and Login by using your ubuntu password.

Login.jpg

  • Now if you want to type Hindi by using Hindi Itrans(m17n)) press ctrl+space key or click on EN and change.

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Typing Keyboard Layouts

Itrans (Indian Language Transliteration Package)

The "Indian languages TRANSliteration" (ITRANS) is an ASCII transliteration scheme for Indic scripts, particularly for Devanagari script.

ITRANS KEY BOARD LAYOUT

Inscript

InScript (short for Indian Script) is the decreed standard keyboard layout for Indian scripts using a standard 104 or 105 key layout. This keyboard layout was standardized by the Government of India for inputting text in languages of India written in Brahmic scripts, as well as the Santali language, written in the non-Brahmic Ol Chiki script.

It was developed by the Indian Government and supported by several public and private organisations. This is the standard keyboard for 12 Indian scripts including Devanagari, Bengali, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Tamil and Telugu and others.

Devnagari-Inscript-Layout.jpg

Ka Ga Pa Phonetic

Image 1: Hindi Phonetic Keyboard Layout - Normal State 0.1 Hindi Phonetic 1.png

Image 2: Hindi Phonetic Keyboard Layout - Shift State 0.1 Hindi Phonetic 2.png

Image 3: Hindi Phonetic Keyboard Layout - Ctrl+Alt State 0.1 Hindi Phonetic 3.png

WX method

0.4 Hindi wx.png

1. All *Right keys require Right-Alt to be pressed
2. All Top* keys require Shift to be pressed.


1. Note that in the normal English keyboard, we only have the Top Left and Bottom left symbols(eg. 'i' and 'I') and no symbols on the right. So we never need to press Right-Alt. Hindi with more symbols than the English Alphabet needs to have symbols on the right side of the key too, in order to accommodate all the letters of Devanagari script.

2. Its worthwhile to be comfortable with Left-Alt+Left-Shift to change keyboards between Hindi and English very fast.

eg:-
Normal English keyboard: Shift+i = I
HindiS Keyboard :
i ---> ि
Shift + i ---> ी
Right-Alt + i ---> इ
Right-Alt + Shift + i ---> ई


Common Conjugate Letters:

क + ् + ष = क्ष
त + ् + र = त्र
श + ् + र = श्र
ज + ् + ञ = ज्ञ
प + ृ = पृ
प + ् + र = प्र
र + ् + थ = र्थ (eg. अर्थ)


कभी कभी हलन्त (्) को अक्षर में समाहित ना करके हम उसे हलन्त रूप में ही छोड़ना पसन्द करते हैं | उन परिस्थितियों के लिए हलन्त के बाद Shift-y type कर दें |


eg :-
व + ि + द + ् + य +ा = विद्या
व + ि + द + ् + Shift-y + य +ा = विद्‌या

Hindi Fonts

क का कि की कु कू कृ के कै को कौ कं कः
ka kaa ki kI ku kU kRRi ke kai ko kau kaM kaH

ख खा खि खी खु खू खृ खे खै खो खौ खं खः
kha khaa khi khI khu khU khRRi khe khai kho khau khaM khaH

ग गा गि गी गु गू गृ गे गै गो गौ गं गः
ga gaa gi gI gu gU grRi ge gai go gau gaM gaH

घ घा घि घी घु घू घृ घे घै घो घौ घं घः
gha ghaa ghi ghI ghu ghU ghRRi ghe ghai gho ghau ghaM ghaH

ङ ङा ङि ङी ङु ङू ङृ ङे ङै ङो ङौ ङं ङः

~Na ~Naa ~Ni ~NI ~Nu ~NU ~NRRi ~Ne ~Nai ~No ~Nau ~NaM ~NaH

च चा चि ची चु चू चृ चे चै चो चौ चं चः
cha chaa chi chI chu chU chRRi che chai cho chau chaM chaH

छ छा छि छी छु छू छृ छे छै छो छौ छं छः
chha chhaa chhi chhI chhu chhU chhRRi chhe chhai chho chhau chhaM chhaH

ज जा जि जी जु जू जृ जे जै जो जौ जं जः
ja jaa ji jI ju jU jRRi je jai jo jau jaM jaH

झ झा झि झी झु झू झृ झे झै झो झौ झं झः
jha jhaa jhi jhI jhu jhU jhRRi jhe jhai jho jhau jhaM jhaH

ञ ञा ञि ञी ञु ञू ञृ ञे ञै ञो ञौ ञं ञः
~na ~naa ~ni ~nI ~nu ~nU ~nRRi ~ne ~nai ~no ~nau ~naM ~naH

ट टा टि टी टु टू टृ टे टै टो टौ टं टः
Ta Taa Ti TI Tu TU TRRi Te Tai To Tau TaM TaH

ठ ठा ठि ठी ठु ठू ठृ ठे ठै ठो ठौ ठं ठः
Tha Thaa Thi ThI Thu ThU ThRRi The Thai Tho Thau ThaM ThaH

ड डा डि डी डु डू डृ डे डै डो डौ डं डः
Da Daa Di DI Du DU DRRi De Dai Do Dau DaM DaH

ढ ढा ढि ढी ढु ढू ढृ ढे ढै ढो ढौ ढं ढः
Dha Dhaa Dhi DhI Dhu DhU DhRRi Dhe Dhai Dho Dhau DhaM DhaH

ण णा णि णी णु णू णृ णे णै णो णौ णं णः
Na Naa Ni NI Nu NU NRRi Ne Nai No Nau NaM NaH

त ता ति ती तु तू तृ ते तै तो तौ तं तः
ta tA ti tI tu tU tRRi te tai to tau taM taH

थ था थि थी थु थू थृ थे थै थो थौ थं थः
tha thA thi thI thu thU thRRi the thai tho thau thaM thaH

द दा दि दी दु दू दृ दे दै दो दौ दं दः
da dA di dI du dU dRRi de dai do dau daM daH

ध धा धि धी धु धू धृ धे धै धो धौ धं धः
dha dhA dhi dhI dhu dhU dhRRi dhe dhai dho dhau dhaM dhaH

न ना नि नी नु नू नृ ने नै नो नौ नं नः
na nA ni nI nu nU nRRi ne nai no nau naM naH

प पा पि पी पु पू पृ पे पै पो पौ पं पः
pa pA pi pI pu pU prRi pe pai po pau paM paH

फ फा फि फी फु फू फृ फे फै फो फौ फं फः
pha phA phi phI phu phU phrRi phe phai pho phau phaM phaH

ब बा बि बी बु बू बृ बे बै बो बौ बं बः
ba bA bi bI bu bU brRi be bai bo bau baM baH

भ भा भि भी भु भू भृ भे भै भो भौ भं भः
bha bhA bhi bhI bhu bhU bhRRi bhe bhai bho bhau bhaM bhaH

म मा मि मी मु मू मृ मे मै मो मौ मं मः
ma mA mi mI mu mU mRRi me mai mo mau maM maH

य या यि यी यु यू यृ ये यै यो यौ यं यः
ya yA yi yI yu yU yRRi ye yai yo yau yaM yaH

र रा रि री रु रू रृ रे रै रो रौ रं रः
ra rA ri rI ru rU rRRi re rai ro rau raM raH

ल ला लि ली लु लू लृ ले लै लो लौ लं लः
la lA li lI lu lU lRRi le lai lo lau laM laH

व वा वि वी वु वू वृ वे वै वो वौ वं वः
va vA vi vI vu vU vRRi ve vai vo vau vaM vaH

श शा शि शी शु शू शृ शे शै शो शौ शं शः
sha shA shi shI shu shU shRRi she shai sho shau shaM shaH

ष षा षि षी षु षू षृ षे षै षो षौ षं षः
Sha ShA Shi ShI Shu ShU ShRRi She Shai Sho Shau ShaM ShaH

स सा सि सी सु सू सृ से सै सो सौ सं सः
sa sA si sI su sU sRRi se sai so sau saM saH

ह हा हि ही हु हू हृ हे है हो हौ हं हः
ha hA hi hI hu hU hRRi he hai ho hau haM haH

क्ष क्षा क्षि क्षी क्षु क्षू क्षृ क्षे क्षै क्षो क्षौ क्षं क्षः
xa xA xi xI xu xU xRRi xe xai xo xau xaM xaH

त्र त्रा त्रि त्री त्रु त्रू त्रृ त्रे त्रै त्रो त्रौ त्रं त्रः
tra trA tri trI tru trU trRRi tre trai tro trau traM traH

ज्ञ ज्ञा ज्ञि ज्ञी ज्ञु ज्ञू
GYa GYA GYi GYI GYu GYU

ज्ञृ ज्ञे ज्ञै ज्ञो ज्ञौ
GYRRi GYe GYai GYo GYau

ज्ञं ज्ञः
GYaM GYaH



अ आ इ ई उ ऊ ऋ ए ऐ ओ औ अं अः
a aa i ii u U RRi e ai o au aM aH

क ख ग घ ङ
ka kha ga gha ~Na

च छ ज झ ञ
cha chha ja jha ~na

ट ठ ड ढ ण
Ta Tha Da Dha Na

त थ द ध न
ta tha da dha na

प फ ब भ म
pa pha ba bha ma

य र ल व श ष स ह
ya ra la va sha Sha sa ha

क्ष त्र ज्ञ
xa tra GYa




में - meM
नहीं - nahIM
गृह - gRRiha
क्रम - krama
कृष्ण - kRRiShNa
आँख - A.Nkha
तृप्त - tRRipta
राष्ट्रीय - rAShTrIya
प्रकृति - prakRRiti
क्षत्रीय - xatrIya
ऑफीस - o.cphIsa
उच्चारण - uchchAraNa
डॉ - Do.c
डॉक्टर - Do.ckTara
जगत् - jagat
मूल्यांकन - mUlyAMkana
तंत्रज्ञान - taMtraGYAna
बढ़िया - ba.DhiyA
बाज़ार - bAzAra
चित्रदुर्गा - chitradurgA
फ़ारसी - fArasI
फ़ारसी - fArasI